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  04/11/2014The Reid Technique - A Position Paper
As the world leader in teaching interview and interrogation techniques, The Reid Technique is commonly challenged by defense attorneys and interrogation critics. We have prepared a position paper that will provide you with information to respond to these challenges. In this paper we address the following topics:

  • The core principles of the Reid Technique
  • Best Practices
  • Why false confession experts criticize The Reid Technique
  • What the courts say about false confession experts
  • What the courts say about The Reid Technique
  • The best way to guard against false confessions
  • "Reid" testifying as interrogation experts
  • How do I answer the question, "Do you use The Reid Technique?"
    Click here to access this position paper.

  •   03/31/2014Attorney Thomas Sullivan list of law enforcement agencies recording interrogations
    For years now Attorney Thomas Sullivan has been collecting information as to which law enforcement agencies are electronically recording their interviews and interrogations. In addition he has prepared a list of states with recording statutes and rules.

    Click here for Department List

    Click here for State List

      03/13/2014Legal Updates Winter 2014
    In the Legal Updates Winter 2014 contains cases which address the following issues:
    • Expert testimony on witness credibility excluded
    • Confession suppressed because suspect was advised that no matter how many robberies she committed all the sentences would run concurrent
    • Court finds that the suspect's physical condition during the interrogation rendered his confession inadmissible
    • Threat to arrest defendant's mother and aunt rendered incriminating statement inadmissible
    • Statement to the effect that the defendant had a "chance to reduce the potential charges or sentencing" if he showed remorse and confessed did not render the confession inadmissible
    • Threatening deportation was coercive
    • Court bars Dr. Richard Leo from testifying: proposed area of expert testimony has not reached the "level of scientific reliability"
    • The statement to the suspect that "It would be worse for you" if you did not talk to law enforcement was coercive
    • Repeatedly threatening a seventeen-year-old with the death penalty is "objectively coercive"
    • Video recording protects the confession
    • Lying about DNA evidence did not make the confession inadmissible
    • Telling a suspect he failed a polygraph test does not render the confession inadmissible
    • "Small" interrogation room (10 x 10) was not coercive; suggesting the juvenile victim initiated the sexual contact was not coercive
    • Lengthy and persistent questioning does not render a confession inadmissible; accident versus intentional act was a "red herring" but not coercive

    Click here for Legal Updates 2014

      03/11/2014Study finds that false confessions were not statistically associated with wrongful convictions
    In the November/December 20134 issue of Corrections Today, an article entitled, "Wrongful Convictions: Causes, Prevention, Impact and Outlook for Corrections" reports on the results of a study funded by the National Institute of Justice in which they identified 10 statistically significant factors that contributed to the conviction of innocent persons. The report did not find that false confessions were one of those factors.
    Click here for the article

      03/11/2014New Reid book: A Field Guide to The Reid Technique

    A Field Guide to The Reid Technique, co-authored by Brian Jayne and Joseph Buckley, provides a wide range of guidance for numerous investigation, interview and interrogation situations regarding the application of The Reid Technique. Here is the detailed Table of Contents:

    Table of Contents

    CHAPTER 1. Overview of The Reid Technique
    Historical Development
    Factual Analysis
    Behavior Symptom Analysis
    Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation

    CHAPTER 2. Factual Analysis
    Evaluating One-on-One Allegations .
    Evaluating the Truthfulness of a Reported Sexual Assault .
    Evaluating the Suspect Who Accepts Responsibility for the Crime
    Don't Overlook The Person Who Reported The Crime
    The Significance of Identifying Precipitators During a Criminal Investigation
    Evaluating Inconsistencies Within An Account
    Assessing Attitudes: The Victim Mentality
    Catching a Suspect in a Lie Not Always a Symptom of Guilt
    Willingness to Repay Stolen Funds Not Always an Indication of Guilt

    CHAPTER 3. Interview Room Setting and Environment
    Designing an interview / interrogation room
    Creating a temporary interview room
    Having a third person in the interview room
    Electronic Recording of Interviews and Interrogations

    CHAPTER 4. Basic Interviewing Procedures .
    Eliciting A Subject's Willingness to Submit to a Voluntary Interview
    Interviewing vs. Interrogation
    Developing an Interview Strategy
    Establishing Rapport With A Suspect
    Conducting a Custodial Behavior Analysis Interview
    Maintaining Objectivity During an Interview
    Question Formulation Guidelines
    The Importance of Pursuing Communication with Others During an Interview
    Do You Invite People to Lie to You?
    Are You a Good Listener?
    Considerations for an Investigator's Attire

    CHAPTER 5. Behavior Symptom Analysis
    General
    The Role of a Subject's Attitudes in the Detection of Deception
    Using Baseline Behaviors to Establish "Truthful" Responses
    The Importance of Context Within Behavior Symptom Analysis
    The Influence of the Investigator's Demeanor on a Subject's Behavior
    Behavior Symptom Analysis During Roadside Interviews
    Innocent Suspect's Responses During Interrogation
    Nonverbal
    Evaluating a Subject's Posture During an Interview
    The Role of Eye Contact During Interpersonal Communication
    Neurolinguistic Evaluation
    Evaluating Hand Behavior During an Interview
    Incongruous Behaviors
    Paralinguistic
    Paralinguistic Communication
    Laughter and the Detection of Deception
    Verbal
    Interpreting Verbal Phrases
    Evaluating Omission Within a Suspect's Statement
    Evaluating Admissions Against Self-Interest
    Word Games Deceptive Suspect's Play
    Quoting Statements in an Open Account: Truthful or Deceptive?
    The Significance of Listing in Behavior Symptom Analysis
    The Significance of Specific Denials During Interviews and Interrogations

    CHAPTER 6. Psychological Aspects of Detection of Deception
    If a Lie is Repeated Often Enough, Can a Person Come to Believe the Lie is True?
    Good vs. Bad Liars
    Investigating Attention-Motivated Fabricated Crimes
    The Esteem-Motivated Offender
    The Role of Defense Mechanisms in the Detection of Deception
    The Role Of Consequences in Detecting Deception
    The Role of Motivation in Detection of Deception Research
    The Psychopathic Suspect

    CHAPTER 7. Specialized Interviewing Techniques
    Investigating Issues of Intent
    Investigating Possible Fabricated Claims
    Selecting The Proper Issue in a Child Physical Abuse Investigation .
    The Use of an Interpreter During an Interview
    Interviewing Witnesses
    Taking a Statement from a Victim or Complainant
    Conducting an Exit Interview
    Issues to Consider Regarding Possible Suicidal Suspects
    Interviewing the Elderly Suspect
    Handling The Angry Suspect
    Eliciting and Evaluating an Alibi
    The Bait Question in the Age of Computer Technology
    Going Directly from an Interview into an Interrogation
    Considerations With Respect to the Use of Evidence During an Investigation

    CHAPTER 8. The Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation
    Interrogating a Suspect on the Issue of Identity Theft
    Interrogations of Children
    The Importance of the Transition Statement During an Interrogation
    The Use of Third Person Themes
    The Use of Rationalization During an Interrogation Theme
    The Use of Evidence During an Interrogation
    The Use of Visual Aids During an Interview or Interrogation
    Responding to a Suspect's Request to See Evidence During an Interrogation
    The Use of Trickery and Deceit During Interrogation
    Selling The Suspect on the Benefits of Confessing
    Selecting The Proper Alternative Question
    The Use of the Restitution Question During an Interrogation
    Distinguishing Between Admissions and Confessions
    The Importance of Corroboration Within a Confession
    Proper Techniques for Witnessing a Confession
    Documenting Field Confessions
    Electronically Recorded Confessions

    CHAPTER 9. Legal Aspects of Interviewing and Interrogation
    What Exactly is the Reid Technique of Interrogation
    Miranda, Article 31 and Constitutional Advisements
    Civil Liabilities Associated With False Confessions
    Guarding Against Claims of False Imprisonment
    Interogation Procedures: Promises of Leniency
    The Danger of Threatening Inevitable Consequences
    Legal Considerations When Asking an Alternative Question
    Lying to a Suspect : How Far Can the Investigator Go?

    CHAPTER 10. False Confession Issues
    False Confession Cases: The Issues .
    Motives for False Confessions
    The Importance of Accurate Corroboration Within a Confession
    Research Review: The Lie, The Bluff and False Confessions
    The Use of the Accident Scenario During an Interrogation
    The Feasibility of an Analytic Assessment to Identify False Confessions

    CHAPTER 11. Best Practices of The Reid Technique
    A Quick Guide to Best Practices for the Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation
    Interview Before Interrogation
    Common Errors in Evaluating a Suspect's Truthfulness Through Behavior Symptom Analysis
    Use Caution Before Expressing an Urgency for a Suspect to Confess
    The Importance of a Written Statement

    CHAPTER 12. Miscellaneous Topics
    The Polygraph Technique Part I: Theory .
    The Polygraph Technique Part II: Value During an Investigation
    The Computer Voice Stress Analyzer (CVSA)
    Screening New Employees
    The Importance of the Employment Application
    Verifying an Employment History During A Pre-employment Interview
    Background Investigations Conducted Over the Telephone
    Testifying on a Suspect's Behavior Symptoms
    Click here to order

      02/17/2014Japanese research confirms Reid approach
    In the Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation we have always espoused a nonjudgmental, neutral and objective demeanor by the investigator during the interview and an empathetic, understanding approach during the interrogation - building rapport with the suspect and letting the suspect now that anyone in similar circumstances might have done the same thing.

    Recent research in Japan confirms that building relationships with the suspect "gets the best results" and minimizes the chances of a false confession.
    http://phys.org/news/2014-02-japan-relationship-based-police-style-results.html

      02/15/2014Canadian attorney shows his ignorance regarding The Reid Technique
    In an article entitled, "Reid" it and weep - coercive interrogations the norm in Canada, published in the Ottawa Citizen, the author, Attorney Solomon Friedman displays his lack of understanding of The Reid Technique, describing it as a process designed to obtain confessions - even from the innocent. Here is an email that we sent to Attorney Friedman and the editors of the Ottawa Citizen:

    I was shocked at your lack of understanding as to what constitutes The Reid Technique as you described in your article, "'Reid' it and weep - coercive interrogations the norm in Canada."

    I am equally shocked at the lack of credibility displayed by the editors in publishing such an article as "News" - implying that it is an objective reporting of the facts. Most "news" stories attempt to provide a balanced report for the readers to evaluate. We were never contacted for any comment or to provide any information relevant to this column.

    If you (the author) had read any of our books, publications or articles on our website you would have discovered the following:

    The core elements of The Reid Technique have been upheld by a number of Canadian Courts, including the Supreme Court. Here is a brief discussion of several relevant cases:
    Click here for the complete email

      01/21/2014Legal Updates Fall 2013
    The Legal Updates Fall 2013 contain cases which address the following issues:
    • Statement the defendant would be taken home if he was honest did not require exclusion of the statement
    • Court expresses concerns interrogation was not recorded
    • Value of recording - defendant claimed interrogator's hostile and aggressive tone of voice led to a coerced confessionValue of video recording interrogation
    • Detective's statements during the interrogation telling defendant that he thought she was lying were admissible
    • Expert testimony allowed on the impact of opiate addiction on confession reliability
    • 12-year-old should have been advised of his Miranda rights
    • Value of video in protecting a confession
    • Referring to Miranda rights as a formality does not jeopardize the waiver
    • What level of intoxication renders a confession inadmissible?
    • Invocation of defendant's children as a method to get a confession ruled not coercive
    • Interrogator's statements that defendant's ability to "speak plainly," "face-to-face" with his "case agent" would be of limited duration and, critically, would evaporate when "the lawyers [got] involved" should be avoided, but do not create a coercive environment

    Click here for Legal Updats Fall 2013

      12/17/2013New Yorker magazine profiles John E. Reid and Associates
    In the December 9, 2013 issue of New Yorker magazine an article entitled, "The Interview" was published in which the author, Douglass Starr, profiled John E. Reid and Associates. "Today, John E. Reid and Associates, Inc., trains more interrogators than any other company in the world. Reid's clients include police forces, private security companies, the military, the F.B.I., the C.I.A., and the Secret Service - almost anyone whose job involves extracting the truth from this who are often unwilling to provide it. The company interview method, called the Reid Technique, has influence nearly every aspect of modern police interrogations, from the set up of the interview room to the behavior of detectives."
    Click here for additional information.

      11/20/2013The Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation for Investigators
    The Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation for Investigators John E. Reid and Associates, Inc., has developed a three hour online training program for Investigators.

    This seven part online training program was specifically designed for a wide variety of investigators, including law enforcement, government (both investigative and regulatory agencies) and the private sector.

    This online training program will provide the Investigator with a solid foundation in The Reid Technique - which is widely considered to be the most effective interview and interrogation process in the world. In this program the Investigator will learn the core elements of the Reid Technique, which include how to structure the investigative interview utilizing both investigative and behavior provoking questions; how to assess the credibility of the information provided by a subject during the interview process; and the Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation. The Investigator will be provided with specific references to additional resource material in each of the program segments.

    The program is delivered as a PowerPoint presentation with voice over, interspersed with video clips to illustrate the material. Each part comes with a handout that is designed for note taking to enhance the learning experience, and includes a review of the material covered in each individual program.
    Click here for a description of each of the seven program parts and additional details about the program.

      11/20/2013The Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation for Criminal Justice Students
    John E. Reid and Associates, Inc., has developed a three hour online training program for Criminal Justice Studenrts.

    This seven part online training program was specifically designed for Criminal Justice Students. The basic curriculum for criminal justice students oftentimes contains references to the Reid Technique - which is widely considered to be the most effective interview and interrogation process in the world.

    In this program the criminal justice student will learn the core elements of the Reid Technique, which include how to structure the investigative interview utilizing both investigative and behavior provoking questions; how to assess the credibility of the information provided by a subject during the interview process; and the Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation.

    The student is provided with specific references to additional resource material in each of the program segments. This seven part program will not only familiarize the criminal justice student with the Reid Technique, but will give the student a solid foundation of interviewing and interrogation skills for future professional endeavors.

    The program is delivered as a PowerPoint presentation with voice over, interspersed with video clips to illustrate the material. Each part comes with a handout that is designed for note taking to enhance the learning experience, and includes a review of the material covered in each individual program.
    Click here for a description of each of the seven program parts and additional details about the program.

      11/05/2013The Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation for School Administrators
    John E. Reid and Associates, Inc., has developed a three hour online training program for School Administrators.

    This seven part online training program was specifically designed for School Administrators, including Principals, Assistant Principals, Deans, and any school official involved in resolving investigative issues.

    This online training program will provide the School Administrator with a solid foundation in The Reid Technique - which is widely considered to be the most effective interview and interrogation process in the world. In this program the School Administrator will learn the core elements of the Reid Technique, which include how to structure the investigative interview utilizing both investigative and behavior provoking questions; how to assess the credibility of the information provided by a subject during the interview process; and the Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation.

    The program is delivered as a PowerPoint presentation with voice over, interspersed with video clips to illustrate the material. Each part comes with a handout that is designed for note taking to enhance the learning experience, and includes a review of the material covered in each individual program.
    Click here for a description of each of the seven program parts and additional details about the program.

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