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  06/18/2020Reid announces two new online video training programs
We are excited to announce two new one-hour online video training programs: The Reid Technique for Patrol Officers and The Reid Technique for Telephone Investigative Interviews. Each program comes with a Study Guide and an optional exam that you can take to earn 1 hour of Continuing Professional Education.  Once you purchase either of these programs you have unlimited access to it for 30 days.   Here are the details:

The Reid Technique for Patrol Officers

This online training program is designed to present tactics from THE REID TECHNIQUE OF INTERVIEWING AND INTERROGATION® for first responders who conduct interviews on the street; including patrol officers, boarder patrol, homeland security, fire fighters etc.  The program will isolate those tactics from our 4-day program that can be used on the street. These tactics will help you identify when a suspect is lying and how to get more information from suspects on the street.  Click here for additional details.

The Reid Technique for Telephone Investigative Interviews

This online program is designed for anyone that conducts investigative interviews over the phone.  In the program we detail how the core elements of the Reid Technique can be applied to telephone investigative interviews, covering the following topics: Identifying the Goals of the Interview, Preparation for the Interview, Investigator Demeanor, The Structure of the Interview.  You will learn strategies that will help you illicit more information from subjects on the phone and help you identify whether a subject is being truthful. Click here for additional details.

  05/26/2020What questions should I ask during the investigative interview?

In an effort to assist investigators in determining the type of investigative and behavior provoking questions to ask during an interview, as well as the themes and alternative questions that can be used if an interrogation is appropriate, we have developed the following information for you to have at your fingertips. 

For each of the crimes listed below we will provide you with suggestions as to the type of investigative information to develop during the interview, how to phrase the behavior provoking questions, and if an interrogation is warranted, what themes and alternatives may be appropriate. As an example, here is the information for Arson cases:

Click Here for the Tip.

  04/24/2020Interviewing Strategy For Intelligence Gathering

Obtaining information about another's unlawful activities (or planned misconduct that has not yet been executed) can be more challenging than asking one to acknowledge their own prior misdeeds. The code of silence, or omerta, is a powerful deterrent, because disclosure creates fear of retribution or being branded as untrustworthy.

Intelligence gathering for events such as espionage, narcotics distribution, human 􏰍counter-intel or military operations prioritizes identification of co-conspirators, source and disposition of contraband, safe house locations, informant credibility, as well as preemptive discovery of impending future illicit behavior.

How does one approach tactical questioning, debriefing, or interrogation when the mission is to determine what a person knows versus what they’ve already done? 

Click here for the complete article

  4/13/2020‘Virus of hate’ spotlights importance of interrogation themes

by Louis C. Senese  VP of John E. Reid and Associates   (published online at

Amid an uptick in coronavirus-related hate crimes, investigators can use empathy to relate to offenders  

It appears that the number of hate crimes as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic is increasing at an alarming rate.

"People are worried about the coronavirus, which we're watching in this state – there's also a virus of hate, and it's spreading, and it's spreading quickly,” New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said in Albany, New York.

New York Attorney General Letitia James launched a hotline for victims of coronavirus-related bias crimes.

California Governor Gavin Newsom described a "huge increase" in assaults targeting the Asian-American community in his state.

When an individual is identified as an alleged COVID-19 hate crime offender, selecting the proper interrogation theme is critical in soliciting the truth. In Anatomy of Interrogation Themes, I address many hate crimes against persons and property, as well as bullying. However, I would like to offer more specific interrogation themes addressing this topic as it relates to the COVID-19 outbreak.   

Click here for the complete article.

  4/10/2020Legal Updates Winter 2020
The Legal Updates Winter 2020 column contains cases which address the following issues:

  • Incriminating statements were made in violation of Miranda 
  • Confession voluntariness: ambiguous request to terminate the questioning and over stating the evidence is not coercive 
  • The value of recording the interrogation
  • Criteria to determine custody
  • Miranda waiver requirements for a juvenile

Click here to view the updates.

  4/10/2020Investigator Tips by Category

In an effort to make it more convenient for our readers to enhance the learning experience, we have organized the Investigator Tips that we have published on our website since 1998 by category.  The first list will be Tips that address Interviewing topics.  Subsequent postings will be the following topics: Interrgoation  -  Behavior Symptom Analysis  -  and, False Confession Issues.

Click here for Interviewing Investigator Tips

  3/10/2020Telephone Interviewing Techniques Part Two
When conducting a telephone interview, the investigator is always trying to assess the credibility of the information that the subject is providing by comparing the information to known case facts and evidence, as well as evaluating the verbal characteristics of the subject’s responses.  In part Two of this Telephone Interviewing Techniques Investigator Tip we will focus on the verbal and paralinguistic behaviors that the investigator should listen for as indications of truth or deception.  Click Here for the March/April Tip

Click Here for the March/April Tip

  2/12/2020 Clarifying Misrepresentations About Law Enforcement Interrogation Techniques
Over the years social psychologists, defenses attorneys and some academicians have offered a number of criticisms of current law enforcement interrogation practices, and, in particular, the Reid Technique. Some of these criticisms are that:
  • the goal of an interrogation is to get a confession whether it is true or not
  • investigators use minimization tactics in which they offer the suspect leniency if he confesses, and harsher punishment (maximization) if he does not
  • investigators oftentimes interrogate innocent people whom they have erroneously classified as guilty
  • investigators use coercive tactics and procedures to secure confessions
  • investigators feed crime details to the suspect so that the authenticity of their incriminating statements is difficult to assess
  • investigators lie to the suspect about evidence
  • investigators do not modify their tactics when questioning juveniles or mentally impaired individuals
  • the interrogation is designed to make the suspect feel isolated and hopeless so that he sees no way out except to confess
  • the Reid Technique is a guilt presumptive approach
In this paper we will address each of these criticisms and set the record straight as to exactly what we teach with respect to law enforcement interrogation techniques, and the Reid Technique of Interviewing and Interrogation in particular.  (Updated February 2020)

Click Here

  12/31/2019Telephone Interviewing Techniques Part One (January/Feburary Investigator Tip)
Certainly the ideal circumstance for an investigative interview is a face-to-face meeting with the subject.  However, due to a variety of factors, it is becoming more and more frequent for investigators to conduct telephone interviews.  Part One of this Investigator Tip will highlight some of the issues to consider and the guidelines to follow in order to conduct an effective telephone investigative interview.  Part Two will focus on the verbal and paralinguistic behaviors that the investigator should listen for during the interview that will help assess the credibility of the information provided by the subject. 

Click here for the Tip.

  12/19/2019No case supports the contention that using the Reid technique renders and adult’s confession inadmissible

In the case State v. Belaunde (December 2019) the Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division when considering the voluntariness of the defendant’s incriminating statement, stated in their opinion that "No case supports the contention that using the Reid technique renders an adult’s confession inadmissible. A suspect will have a “natural reluctance ... to admit to the commission of a crime and furnish details.” Miller, 76 N.J. at 403. Therefore, “an interrogating officer ... [may] dissipate this reluctance and persuade the person to talk ... as long as the will of the suspect is not overborne.” Ibid. Recognizing that the “[q]uestioning of a suspect almost necessarily involves the use of psychological factors,” our Supreme Court held that “appealing to a person's sense of decency and urging him to tell the truth for his own sake are applications of psychological principals,” that are permissible. Id. at 405. Likewise, “[t]he fact that the police lie to a suspect does not, by itself, render a confession involuntary.” Galloway, 133 N.J. at 655.

Click here for the complete decision.

  12/16/2019Legal Updates Fall 2019
The Legal Updates Fall 2019 column contains cases which address the following issues:
  • The investigator’s discussion of religion during defendant's interrogation did not rise to the level of a beneficial promise
  • Court reject’s defendant’s claim that his confession was coerced because he was held in custody overnight for approximately twelve hours prior to his confession with minimal sleep and no food and water 
  • Court details criteria to consider in determining custody 
  • Telling the defendant that cooperation would be his best option did not amount to a promise of leniency 
  • The value of video recording the interrogation  (Case 1)   
  • The value of video recording the interrogation  (Case 2)  
  • Court outlines acceptable interrogator techniques  
  • Advising the defendant that the alleged victim (a minor) was claiming the sexual conduct was forcible which the investigator described as rape, while stating that he (the investigator) believed the conduct could have been consensual, was not coercive (Value of recording)
  • Confession suppressed because unequivocal invocation of right to a lawyer was ignored (Value of recording)  
  • Is the statement “They [will] throw the book at you” a threat?

Click here for the updates

  12/16/2019Cases that demonstrate the value of electronically recording interrogations
Since 2007 we have been posting on our website in our quarterly Legal Update columns court decisions that illustrate the value of electronically recording interrogations. These cases illustrate the importance of the recordings to demonstrate the unfounded defendant claims of coercive interrogation techniques, as well as instances when the interrogator did act improperly.  We have prepared a document that highlights over 40 of these cases for your review. 

If you want to find additional cases go to and Search “The Value of Recording Interrogations.”

Click here for the complete document.

  11/8/2019Should Investigators Be Allowed To Lie About Evidence To A Subject During Interrogation?

The state of New York is considering legislation that would prohibit investigators from lying to a subject about evidence in the case, such as indicating to the subject during the interrogation that there is a DNA match with samples taken from the victim; that there is a witness who says that they saw the subject commit the crime; that the subject’s finger prints were found at the scene of the crime; or that an accomplice made an incriminating statement implicating the subject in the commission of the crime.  Let’s examine what the courts say about investigators lying about evidence, whether or not lying about evidence is likely to cause a false confession, and what we teach about the use of deception during an interrogation.  

Click here for the complete article

  10/15/2019John E. Reid and Associates has filed a lawsuit against Netflix
On Monday, October 14, 2019, John E. Reid and Associates filed a lawsuit against Netflix in federal court in Chicago and alleges that Netflix and others defamed Reid in the broadcast of the series, When They See Us

We have attached a copy of the complaint for your review.

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